The National Contexts of Post-national Citizenship
Methodology: The analysis is based on aggregated individual (survey) data (from the ESS 2008 and the EVS 2008) and macro contextual data on European Union countries. On the macro (country) level, the authors conduct a hierarchical cluster analysis and crisp set QCA and make the following findings. First, two groups of countries are formed: (a) a fairly homogeneous group of six ‘post-national’ citizenship countries; and (b) a more heterogeneous group of classic citizenship countries. Second, ‘post-national’ citizenship is to be expected in countries in which the following conditions are combined: on the one hand, secularised and post-industrial societies with less emphasis on a knowledge society, and on the other hand, societies with a stable national status where knowledge is important.
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Authors: Hafner-Fink, Mitja, Brina Malnar, Samo Uhan. 2013. „The National Contexts of Post-national Citizenship.“ Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review 49 (6): 867-902