Act on Asylum and on Amending the Act No. 283/1991 on Police as Amended (Act No. 325/1999)
The act No. 325/1999 implements the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees in the Czech legal system. The act lists four reasons for granting an asylum: 1) internationally accepted definition as specified in the Geneva Convention of 1951, i.e. demonstration of justified fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, membership in a certain social group or holding certain political views in the asylum applicant’s homeland, 2) execution of political rights and freedoms (as per Article 43 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms), 3) family reunification (with a person who has been granted asylum), and 4) humanitarian reasons. The act covers all aspects of the situation of asylum seekers (asylum applicants) and persons who have been granted asylum (asylees/refugees): entry and residence on the territory, rights and obligations of persons with such a status, asylum procedures, state integration program and reception, accommodation and asylum integration centers. The act came into force together with the new Act on the Residency of Foreigners on 1 January 2000 and approximated the provisions governing asylum in Czech law to EU law (also as regards terminology: asylees have replaced refugees, the terms safe third country of origin and safe third country have been introduced to enable the government to reject as apparently groundless an application without the need for further asylum procedures). The act has been amended for the last time in February 2002. The amendment is included among related links.
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