Although foreigners have the right to equal treatment in the Czech labour market, in practice, they are more vulnerable for various reasons. In general, access to employment is harder for them, they are paid less for the same work and they tend to be exposed to worse working conditions.
Integration is currently one of the most discussed topics
related to the presence of migrants in Europe. The debate under this
issue tackles seemingly nonproblematic, however unclear and controversial
Each European state used to develop its own policies for
managing international migration in isolation. This was due to the differences
in migration flows, social conditions, and the political environment. Since the
1980s, however, the EU has placed migration and asylum policy within its own
Regularisation, or the legalisation of the irregular status
of immigrants under the law, is both a practical solution to illegal migration
and one of the most controversial means of migration management as it weakens
the power of the state to control the migration flows on its territory.
Understood as a social construction of femininity and
masculinity and inequalities consequent upon these constructions, gender
fundamentally influences migration and its impacts on societies and
What does it mean to be a refugee in Central and Eastern
Europe? How do newly created or dissolved borders influence refugees’
strategies? What are the social, psychological and political aspects of the
process of integration of refugees? In what ways are refugees involved in
Most sociologists consider education and
vocational training a part of the socioeconomic sphere of migrants‘ integration
into their host society. Integration in this sphere is characterized by
acquiring the rights and status in the host country’s state institutions that
are equal or similar to the rights and status enjoyed by the state’s nationals.
The topic Work and residence permit primarily focuses on:
▪ national developments of labour migration and recent
policy changes in this area,
▪ the access and rights of migrant workers in the labour
▪ tackling unequal or unfair working conditions of migrant
workers in practice.
Family migration from non-EU countries forms
around one third of overall migration into the European Union. This portion is
even higher in some Central European countries (Czech Republic, Slovenia).
In March 2009 in Sapa, a Vietnamese market in Prague 4, the firm Affumicata organized a recruitment of workers to plant trees in Czech forests. Hundreds of Vietnamese workers, who had lost their jobs in the industrial sector due to the economic crisis, accepted the job offer.